AskDefine | Define rosehip

Dictionary Definition

rosehip n : the fruit of a rose plant [syn: hip, rose hip]

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English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. the fruit of a rose plant

Alternative spellings

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Extensive Definition

The rose hip and rose haw, is the pomaceous fruit of the rose plant, that typically is red-to-orange, but might be dark purple-to-black in some species.
Rose hips of some species, especially Rosa canina (Dog Rose) and R. majalis, have been used as a source of Vitamin C. Rose hips are commonly used as an herbal tea, often blended with hibiscus and as an oil. They can also be used to make jam, jelly and marmalade. Rose hip soup, "Nyponsoppa", is especially popular in Sweden. Rhodomel, a type of mead, is made with rose hips.

Health benefits

  • Particularly high in Vitamin C, with about 1700–2000 mg per 100 g in the dried product, one of the richest plant sources.
  • Rose hips contain vitamins A, D and E, essential fatty acids and antioxidant flavonoids.
  • Rose hip powder is a remedy for rheumatoid arthritis.
  • As an herbal remedy, rose hips are attributed with the ability to prevent urinary bladder infections, and assist in treating dizziness and headaches. Rose hips are also commonly used externally in oil form to restore firmness to skin by nourishing and astringing tissue.
  • Brewed into a concoction, can also be used to treat constipation.
  • Rose hips contain a lot of iron, so some women brew rose hip tea during menstruation to make up for the iron that they lose with menses.

Usage

Rose hips are used for the creation of herbal tea, jam, jelly, syrup, beverages, pies, bread and marmalade, amongst others.
A few rose species are sometimes grown for the ornamental value of their hips; such as Rosa moyesii, which has prominent large red bottle-shaped fruits.
Rose hips have recently become popular as a healthy treat for pet chinchillas. Chinchillas are unable to manufacture their own Vitamin C, but lack the proper internal organs to process a variety of foods. Rose Hips provide a sugar free, safe way to increase the Vitamin C intake of chinchillas.
Rose hips may also be fed to horses. The dried and powdered form can be fed at a maximum of 1 tablespoon per day to help increase coat condition and help with new hoof growth.
The fine hairs found inside rose hips can be used as itching powder.
Roses may be propagated from hips by removing the seeds from the aril (the outer coating) and sowing just beneath the surface of the soil. Placed in a cold frame or a greenhouse, the seeds take at least three months to germinate.

By indigenous people

Rose hips were used in many food preparations by indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Rose hips are used for colds and influenza. The Latin binomial for this herb is Rosa laevigata
rosehip in Catalan: Gavarró
rosehip in Czech: Šípky
rosehip in Danish: Hyben
rosehip in German: Hagebutte
rosehip in Spanish: Escaramujo
rosehip in Esperanto: Rozbero
rosehip in French: Cynorrhodon
rosehip in Armenian: Մասրենի
rosehip in Croatian: Divlji šipak
rosehip in Luxembourgish: Mullebutz
rosehip in Hungarian: Csipkebogyó
rosehip in Dutch: Rozenbottel
rosehip in Japanese: ローズヒップ
rosehip in Simple English: Rose hip
rosehip in Finnish: Ruusunmarja
rosehip in Swedish: Nypon
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